Saturday, October 9, 2021 • 7:30 p.m.
First Free Methodist Church (3200 3rd Ave W)

Harmonia Orchestra & Chorus
William White, conductor
Tess Altiveros, soprano
Sarah Mattox, mezzo-soprano
Brendan Tuohy, tenor
Anton Belov, baritone


Quinn Mason (*1996)
Toast of the Town: Overture for Orchestra

Antonín Dvořák (1841 –1904)
Žalm 149, Op. 79

William C. White (*1983)
Psalm 46, Op. 14

— intermission —

Johann Strauss II (1825–1899)
Overture to Die Fledermaus

Arias and duets by Verdi, Bizet, Gounod, Humperdinck, Rossini and Mozart

Amy Beach (1867–1944)
Bal Masqué, Op. 22

Giacomo Puccini (1858–1924)
“Coro a bocca chiusa” (Humming Chorus) from Madama Butterfly

Leonard Bernstein (1918 –1990)
“Make Our Garden Grow” from Candide

About the Concert

A concert of light music and high spirits: join us for our return to the stage as we present a brilliant program of choruses, arias and overtures!

Health and Safety

All in-person concert attendees age 12 and older will be required to provide proof of vaccination at the door (either a physical document or a photograph thereof). Masking requirements will be determined on a concert-by-concert basis and communicated at least 48 hours prior to each performance. Children under the age of 12 may attend our concerts only if they are masked and accompanied by a parent or guardian.

Programs and artists are subject to change. Harmonia reserves the right to alter its policies throughout the season in accordance with updated health guidelines.

About the Soloists

Tess Altiveros

Soprano Tess Altiveros, praised by the Los Angeles Times for her “particularly soulful” interpretations and by the Pioneer Press for a “captivating combination of skilled singing and magnetic acting,” is equally at home in repertoire from the 17th century to the 21st. Her recent portrayal of Female Soldier in Seattle Opera’s The Falling and the Rising was described as “a triumph” (Classical Voice North America) and “enthralling” (The Seattle Times). She has performed with Kentucky Opera, Skylark Opera Theatre, Pacific Symphony, Pacific MusicWorks, Inland Northwest Opera, Central City Opera, Boulder Philharmonic, Colorado Symphony, Juneau Lyric Opera, Eugene Opera and Symphony Tacoma. Recent virtual performances include Gianetta in L’Elisir d’Amore for Seattle Opera and the role of Rockstar in Resonance Work & Decameron Opera Coalition’s Tales from a Safe Distance (described by The Wall Street Journal as “ingenious”). Upcoming engagements include a Bravo! Outdoor Recital (Seattle Opera), In Real Life (Opera Memphis), the premiere recording of two new works for Seattle Opera’s Creation Lab, and the world premiere of Tres Minutos with Music of Remembrance.

Mezzo-soprano Sarah Mattox has sung principal roles with Seattle Opera, Cincinnati Opera, Palm Beach Opera, Chicago Opera Theatre, Lyric Opera Cleveland, Amarillo Opera, Eugene Opera, Tacoma Opera and many others. Favorite roles include the title characters in Carmen and Cendrillon, Dorabella in Così fan Tutte, Ottavia in L’Incoronazione di Poppea and the Witch in Hansel and Gretel. She received special acclaim from The Seattle Times for her debut as Feodor in Seattle Opera’s Boris Godunov: “newcomer Sarah Elouise Mattox … raised eyebrows all over the Opera House with her believable, lifelike acting and her well-schooled voice.” In Cleveland, the Beacon Journal called her “a rich-toned mezzo-soprano who came to life as Dorabella.” Also at home on the concert stage, Ms. Mattox has made several appearances at Benaroya Hall with the Seattle Symphony. She has also been a soloist with the Northwest Sinfonietta, Cascade Festival of Music, Seattle Baroque Orchestra, Portland Baroque Orchestra, Helena Symphony, Bainbridge Symphony, Pacific Northwest Ballet, the Walla Walla Symphony, Portland Chamber Orchestra, Eugene Concert Choir and OSSCS. As a composer, Ms. Mattox was won awards for her chamber opera Heart Mountain and her song cycle Rumpelstiltskin and the Falcon King.

Learn more: sarahmattox.com

Brendan Tuohy

Tenor Brendan Tuohy has been praised by The Cincinnati Post for his “big, bold tenor edged with silver,” and he continues to move audiences both in the U.S. and overseas. Recent appearances include Nemorino in L’elisir d’amore with Tacoma Opera, David Lang’s The Little Match Girl Passion with Eugene Opera, and the role of Rent-a-Cop in the world premiere of Evan Mack’s Yeltsin in Texas. In 2018 he returned to the Grant Park Music Festival to sing Haydn’s Theresienmesse, following a 2017 performance of Beethoven’s Ninth. Other engagements have included Rachel Portman’s The Little Prince with Opera Theater Oregon, Haydn’s The Seasons and Handel’s Messiah with Harmonia, Britten’s War Requiem at the University of Washington, and the iSing International Music Festival in Suzhou, China. He has performed on the opera stage at Eugene Opera, City Opera Bellevue, Vashon Opera and Berlin Opera Academy, and in concert with the Oregon Symphony, Seattle Symphony, Pacific MusicWorks and Symphony Tacoma. Mr. Tuohy completed his academic training at the University of Cincinnati College-Conservatory of Music with a master’s degree in vocal performance. In 2008, he had the honor of singing and competing in the Metropolitan Opera National Council Semi-Finals in New York City.

Anton Belov

The voice of baritone Anton Belov has been called rich and mellifluous by The New York Times, while The Philadelphia Inquirer deemed it that of an emerging star. A native of Russia and a graduate of the Juilliard Opera Center, he has appeared throughout the United States and has earned critical acclaim for his portrayals of characters as di- verse as Count di Luna, Don Giovanni, Escamillo, Count Almaviva, Doctor Malatesta and Eugene Onegin. Equally at home with opera, oratorio and concert repertoire, Mr. Belov has presented over 100 recitals throughout the United States, appearing at such venues as the Kennedy Center. Highlights of his concert career include Rachmaninov’s The Bells at Boston’s Symphony Hall, Handel’s Messiah at Avery Fischer Hall, Brahms’ German Requiem at Benaroya Hall, and Weill’s Seven Deadly Sins with the Detroit Symphony at Carnegie Hall. He is a first-place winner of eight vocal competitions, including the George London Competition, Young Concert Artists International Competition and Metropolitan Opera National Council Auditions. A specialist in Russian lyric diction, he is the author of numerous books on the subject and is an associate professor of music at Linfield College.

Program Notes

Since he conducted Orchestra Seattle (now the Harmonia Orchestra) in the world premiere of A Joyous Trilogy in February 2019, composer Quinn Mason has been very much a young star on the rise, in spite of the pandemic-driven decline in concertizing over the past 20 months. A Joyous Trilogy has since been played by Italy’s Orchestra Sinfonica Nazionale della RAI and this season will see performances by the Utah Symphony, Mesquite Symphony, Amarillo Symphony, South Bend Symphony and the Houston Ballet, to name but a few. The Houston Symphony commissioned and premiered his 2020 work Reflection on a Memorial for string orchestra, which has also been performed by the San Francisco Symphony and numerous other ensembles. In Memory for solo viola, commissioned by Harmonia, has been performed more than 100 times since its May 2020 YouTube premiere by Harmonia principal violist Grant Hanner.

Mason describes Toast of the Town as “a festive and fun overture to an operetta that doesn’t exist. It is designed in the style of light operetta, comparable to Gilbert and Sullivan or Offenbach.” Begun in 2016 and completed last year, the work had its “virtual” premiere by the Nevada All State Orchestra in April 2021 and a first live presentation by the National Orchestral Institute Philharmonic on June 20, followed by performances from the Utah Symphony and the National Youth Orchestra of the United States.

Famed Czech composer Antonín Dvořák set Psalm 149 for male chorus and orchestra between January 13 and February 24, 1879, premiering it in Prague on March 16 of that year and revising it in 1887 for SATB chorus and orchestra (the version heard this evening). “The joyful music only expresses the general mood of the text,” notes John Guthmiller, who concludes that “specific examples of tone painting or of a closer relationship between word and music are not to be found. We hear reminiscences of Walküre and Meistersinger as well as powerful Handelian interjections. … Equally interesting are the moments of choral recitative and the momentary flashes of Mendelssohn and Mozart. This is a cosmopolitan piece which is not intended to have traces of the nationalism for which Dvořák is so famous. Yet both the opening strains of the chorus and the closing of the work bear an unmistakably Bohemian character.”

Harmonia music director William White composed his setting of Psalm 46 for brass, organ and chorus in 2011 and conducted the premiere in May of that year. In 2018 he rescored the accompaniment for full orchestra (heard for the first time at this concert). About Psalm 46 he says:

“I wrote this piece on a commission from the Union Church of Hinsdale, Illinois, to celebrate the retirement of their longtime director of music (and my one-time boss), Michael Surratt. Mike is a great guy and a really great organist, so I wanted to give him something to bite into. The church suggested I set the text of Psalm 46 (one of Mike’s favorites) and I seized the opportunity to use a translation that has fascinated me for years, namely Young’s Literal Translation of 1862. What makes this version of the bible so truly unique is that Mr. Young, a self-educated Scotsman, translated from the Ancient Hebrew, Aramaic and Greek without rendering said languages grammatically into modern English. Strangely, though, he still uses the vocabularic style and tense endings of the King James Version, lending the text a very distinct flavor of the ancient and the modern. I made just a few tiny adjustments to this text, mainly for musical purposes, and also because of Mike’s aversion to the use of the masculine pronoun for God.

“Astute listeners may recognize two hymn tunes quoted extensively (and often hidden) in the piece: ‘A Mighty Fortress Is Our God’ and ‘O God Our Help in Ages Past’ — both are paraphrases of the Psalm 46 text and favorites of Mike’s.” The work unfolds in three “movements” played without pause, capped by a very brief coda that represents the work’s dedicatee scampering into retirement.

Famed as the “Waltz King,” Johann Strauss II also wrote 16 operettas, the third of which (and most famous by far) is Die Fledermaus (“The Bat”). Premiering at Vienna’s Theater an der Wien on April 5, 1874, it soon became ensconced in the repertory of nearly every major opera house across the Western world, and its overture — which samples from the operetta’s many delightful arias and dance numbers, including a two-step, a waltz and a polka — has become a concert favorite.

The renowned Italian composer Giuseppe Verdi adapted his 1853 opera La traviata from a stage version of the 1848 novel La Dame aux Camélias (known in English as Camille) by Alexandre Dumas fils. Its initial performance fell flat, but a revival the next year helped launch it on a path to become one of Verdi’s most beloved and frequently performed operas. In Act I, Violetta Valéry (the traviata, or “fallen woman,” of the title) hosts a party in her Paris apartment to celebrate her recovery from a bout of illness. There she is introduced to Alfredo Germont, a shy young man smitten with her, who is persuaded to propose a toast. He leads a brindisi (“drinking song”) in waltz form, with Violetta and the assembled party-goers joining in.

Frenchman Georges Bizet died at a young age, a mere three months after the premiere of his 1875 opera Carmen, which would eventually become the most celebrated of all French operas. Adapted from a novella of the same title by Prosper Mérimée, Carmen tells the tale of a young Romani woman who works in a Seville cigarette factory. Near the end of the first act, she seduces a soldier, Don José, in order to obtain her freedom from a murder charge. She sings about taking her lover to a friend’s house for a night of drinking and dancing the seguidilla (a Castillian folk song and dance in quick triple meter).

In stark contrast to Bizet, his countryman Charles Gounod lived to the age of 75, enjoying the success of his 1859 Faust for more than three decades. Loosely based on Goethe’s 1808 play, the five-act opera follows the title character (an aging scientist and philosopher) as he sells his soul to Méphistophélès in exchange for a potion that returns him to his youth. In Act III, Faust seeks to seduce a young woman, Marguerite, for whom Méphistophélès leaves a box of jewels. In the famous “jewel song” aria, Marguerite sings about how beautiful the jewelry makes her appear as she admires herself in a mirror.

German composer Engelbert Humperdinck is known today for exactly one work: the opera Hänsel und Gretel, loosely based on the Grimm fairy tale. Composed during 1891 and 1892, Richard Strauss conducted the first performance in Weimar on December 23, 1893. In Act II, having been sent by their mother into a haunted forest to search for food, the title characters encounter the Sandman, who sprinkles sand in their eyes, causing them to fall asleep — but not before they remember to sing their evening prayer.

Beginning in 1810, Giaochino Rossini composed an amazing 39 operas, culminating in 1829 with William Tell. Then, at the age of 37, he abruptly stopped, taking an early retirement. During his remaining four decades he would eventually compose choral works, songs and chamber music, but never again an opera. L’Italiana in Algeri dates from 1813, when Rossini was 21, and was composed in less than a month. In Act I, Mustafà, the Bey of Algiers, attempts to unburden himself of his wife, Elvira, who is no longer attracted to him, by marrying her off to his slave Lindoro, who longs for his beloved Isabella (the Italian girl of the title). As Lindoro lists the qualities he seeks in a wife, Mustafà assures him that Elvira possesses each of them.

The three operas composed in succession by Wolfgang Mozart to libretti by Lorenzo da Ponte — Le nozze di Figaro (1786), Don Giovanni (1787) and Così fan tutte (1790) — stand among his greatest achievements (which also include his final three symphonies, written between Giovanni and Così).

In Act I of The Marriage of Figaro, after Count Almaviva of Seville learns that his young page, Cherubino, has a crush on the Countess, the Count dispatches the page to join a local army regiment. The aria “Non più andrai,” cast in the style of a military march, has Figaro (the Count’s valet) teasing Cherubino about the rigors of army life, contrasting it with his freewheeling lifestyle in the Count’s employ.

Act I of Così fan tutte (“Thus do all women”) finds Don Alfonso wagering with two young Neapolitan army officers that their fianceés, sisters Fiodilligi and Dorabella, will be unfaithful in their absence, hatching a plot for the officers to pretend to depart for Naples but return disguised as Albanians and woo each other’s beloved. In the trio ‘Soave sia il vento” (“May the wind be gentle”), Alfonso, Fiodilligi and Dorabella sing wistfully as the ship supposedly bearing the two fiancés sails away.

Born Amy Marcy Cheney in Henniker, New Hampshire, Amy Beach manifested prodigious musical skills (including absolute pitch) from a very early age, beginning her piano studies at four, playing her first recital at seven and debuting with the Boston Symphony at 17. Mostly self-taught as a composer, at age 20 she produced an expansive Mass in E♭ major, which would be introduced to great acclaim by Boston’s Handel and Haydn Society in 1892, followed by her renowned “Gaelic” Symphony, premiered by the BSO in 1896. In 1894 she published a piano miniature entitled Bal Masqué (a term often applied during that era to Boston’s many charity balls). The Boston Pops played an orchestral version on one of its concerts the following year. (That orchestra gave a second performance 105 years later when Beach’s name was added to the pantheon of composers listed on the façade of the Hatch Shell at Boston’s Esplanade.) In spite of its American origin and French title, Bal Masqué is a delightful paean to the Viennese waltz.

In Madama Butterfly by Giacomo Puccini, a wordless offstage chorus bridges Acts II and III. The opera’s title character, having been abandoned by her American husband Pinkerton three years prior, sees his ship enter the Nagasaki harbor and sits a nightlong vigil waiting for him to visit her (and the young son he has never met) as choristers sing a bocca chiusa — “with mouth closed.”

American composer Leonard Bernstein worked on his adaptation of Voltaire’s novella Candide at the same time as his smash Broadway hit West Side Story. A satire of European operetta, Candide had premiered eight months earlier and met with negative reviews, closing after 73 performances. Its original book by Lillian Hellman and lyrics by Richard Wilbur subsequently underwent many revisions (often by other hands) and revivals. The overture, however, became an immediate concert-hall staple, and the uplifting final chorus has also found a life away from the stage. After surviving a litany of tragic occurrences stretching across the globe, the title character decides to settle down on a farm with his beloved Cunegonde. They join the entire company in singing the uplifting anthem “Make our Garden Grow.”

— Jeff Eldridge